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Electrical Safety Tips

The following information can be used to improve the electrical safety of your home. Following these guidelines will reduce the possibility of;

   
electrical shock
overheating or
a fire
At GRENLEC, we believe that nothing is more important than your safety.
   

Water and Electricity Do not Mix

Don't leave electrical appliances plugged in areas where they may come in contact with water. If a plugged appliance falls into water, NEVER reach in to pull it out - even if it's turned off. First turn off the power source at the panel board and then unplug the appliance. If you have an appliance that has gotten wet, don't use it until it has been checked by a qualified technician.

Cords
Make sure cords are out of traffic areas and that furniture is not resting on them. In addition, make sure cords are
In good condition
Not frayed or cracked and
Never nailed or stapled to the wall baseboard or other objects
   
Plugs
Be sure that your plugs;
Fit securely
Don’t have to be forced into an outlet
Are the proper type
N.B. Never cut off the ground pin (the third prong) from a plug.
Use a two-prong adapter instead.
Outlets
Outlets should not have;
Loose-fitting plugs
Broken wall plates
Overloaded situations
  NB Make sure there are safety covers on all unused outlets that are accessible to children.
   
Light bulbs
Bulbs should be checked frequently to ensure they are:
Screwed in securely
The correct wattage for the fixture. Bulbs of a higher wattage than recommended should be replaced.
   
Circuit breakers / fuses
Circuit breakers and fuses should always be the correct size for the circuit.
If you don't know the correct size fuse, have an electrician identify and label the sizes to be used.
   
Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)
GFCIs can help prevent electrocution. They should be used in any area where water and electricity may come into contact. When a GFCI senses current leakage in an electrical circuit, it assumes a ground fault has occurred. It then interrupts power fast enough to help prevent serious injury from electrical shock.
Test GFCIs regularly according to the manufacturer's instructions. Water and electricity don't mix
Don't place any electrical appliance near water, such as a sink or bathtub
Appliances that are located near water should be unplugged when not in use.
If you have an appliance that has gotten wet, unplug it and don't use it until it has been checked by a qualified repairperson.
   Entertainment / Computer Equipment
Check to see that the equipment is in good condition and working properly. Look for cracks or damage in wiring, plugs, cords and connectors

Workplace Safety Reminders

Workplace" covers a broad spectrum of working environments. While the working environments differ, they all depend on electricity and electrical systems for energy, control, communications and data for virtually every aspect of operations. Electrical accidents can and do happen in all workplace environments, although the frequency or severity may vary.

Electrical Safety Principles - When planning and performing work on electrical systems and equipment, keep these principles in mind:

   
Plan every job
Think about what can go wrong
Use the right tools for the job
Use procedures, drawings and other documents as tools to do the job
Isolate the equipment from energy sources
Identify the electrical shock and arc flash, as well as other hazards that may be present
Minimize the hazard by guarding or establishing approach limitations
Test every circuit and every conductor, every time before you touch
Use personal protective equipment (PPE) as a last line of defense in case something goes wrong
Be sure you are properly trained and qualified for the job
   
Working On or Near Energized Equipment
Treat de-energized electrical equipment and conductors as energized until lockout/tagout, test and ground (where appropriate) procedures are implemented.
Work electrical equipment and conductors should be de-energized unless your employer can demonstrate that de-energizing introduces additional or increased hazards or is unfeasible due to equipment design or operational limitations. 
Lockout/tagout and ground (where appropriate) before working on equipment.
Wear protective clothing and equipment and use insulated tools in areas where there are possible electrical hazards.
De-energize and visibly guard (where possible) whenever you may come into contact with un-insulated overhead power lines.
Check and double check the safety regulations when a ladder or parts of any vehicle or mechanical equipment structure will be elevated near energized overhead power lines. Call your local electric utility for assistance. People standing on the ground may be particularly vulnerable to possible injury.
   
Cord Powered Equipment and Tools, Cords and Temporary Wiring
Protect flexible cords and cables from physical damage.
Keep slack in flexible cords to prevent tension on electrical terminals.
Check cords for cut, broken or cracked insulation.
Make sure the insulating qualities of a splice are equal to or greater than the original cord.
Extension cords are for temporary use. Install permanent wiring for equipment you will be using frequently.
   
Equipment and Tool Grounding
Verify that all wires, tools, and equipment are grounded.
Water, electrical equipment and power cords do not mix! Use GFCI protection in wet or damp environments.
Ground exposed parts of fixed equipment that can become energized.
 
Other Considerations
Verify location of all buried or embedded electrical circuits before digging or cutting.
Determine the reason that a fuse operated or circuit breaker tripped before replacing or resetting.
Know where your over current devices are (i.e. circuit breakers and fuses) so they can be easily and quickly reached in case of emergency.
When replacing lamps and bulbs, verify replacement matches fixture requirements.
Adapt this list of reminders to fit your working environment!
Establish a written electrical safety program for implementing the above.

 

 

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